Rice University Department of Religion

Anne C. Klein image


Office: 221 Humanities Building
Phone: 713-348-2711
Email: ack@rice.edu



Professor, Department of Religion





Ph.D. in Religious Studies, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, 1981

M.A. in Indian Studies, University of Wisconsin, Madison, l971

B.A. Cum Laude with Highest Honors in English, State University of New York at Binghamton (Harpur College)  l969

LANGUAGES: Classical & Colloquial Tibetan, Sanskrit, Pali, and French


Forthcoming Book: Fall 2010 Chinese translation by Lawrence Y.K.Lau of my first book, Knowledge & Liberation (including new Preface by the author) Dharma Drum Mountain, Taipei. Taiwan.

2010 Heart Essence, the Vast Expanse: A Story of Transmission Ithaca:Snow Lion.  This first-ever Chantable English translation (in which the English meter matches the Tibetan so that it can be sung to the traditional Tibetan melody) can is accompanied by 95 images used in meditation, as well as of rarely photographed places, persons  and objects sacred to this, the most widely loved and utilized practice liturgy in the Nyingma (Ancient Buddhist) tradition. A back pocket holds a CD  which I conceived, organized, and produced (recorded at the Shepherd School of Music, it consists of the text chanted in original Tibetan by an acclaimed Tibetan female teacher and singer, and the English by a local Buddhist practice group, as well as by a trained vocalist, Willem Overwijk)

2009 Knowledge and Liberation translated into Russian and published in Russia. (Book available in my office, I cannot give the information in Russian). 2009. Knowledge and Liberation translation into Chinese accepted, in Press at Dharma Drum Mountain. , Taipei, Taiwan2009. Meeting the Great Bliss Queen republished by Snow Lion.

2006 with Gehse Tenzin Wangyal Rinpoche, Unbounded Wholeness: Dzogchen, Bon, and the Logic of the Non-Conceptual. Oxford University Press.

1999 2nd edition Knowledge and Liberation: Tibetan Buddhist Epistemology in Support of Transformative  Religious Experience  (Ithaca: Snow Lion Press); Russian translation published in Russia, 2009.  1995 Meeting the Great Bliss Queen: Buddhists, Feminists, and the Art of the Self  (Boston: Beacon Press)1994 Path to the Middle: Oral Madhyamika Philosophy in Tibet, The Spoken Scholarship of Kensur Yeshey Tupden  (Albany: SUNY Press, SUNY Series in Buddhist Studies) 1991 Knowing, Naming, and Negation: A Sourcebook on Tibetan Sautr›ntika.  (Indo-Tibetan Buddhist Translation Series) Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications.1987 1st  edition  Knowledge and Liberation  (Ithaca: Snow Lion Press). BOOK IN PROGRESSThe Knowing Body: (chief architect and co-writer with Kathryn Milun and Phyllis Pay)  An exploration of the mind-body paradigm through the lens of Buddhist traditional religious, medical, and contemporary cultural perspectives. Under auspices of Ford Foundation Grant.  Proposal accepted by an agent who is in process of contacting publishers..


1992 Co-editor, Walking Through Walls by Geshe Gedun Lodrö, tr. by Jeffrey Hopkins, co-editor Leah Zahler.  Ithaca: Snow Lion. l984  Editor, The Tantric Distinction, by Jeffrey Hopkins.  London: Wisdom Publications.1982 Co-editor, with Jeffrey Hopkins, tr., Tantric Practice in Nyingma, by Khetsun Sangpo. London: Rider & Co. (Reprinted by Snow Lion, l986)1980 Associate editor, "Theory: Systems of Tenets" in Practice and Theory in Tibetan Buddhism , tr. Geshe Lhundup Sopa and Jeffrey Hopkins.  London: Rider and Co., Foreign language editions in German, Spanish, and Italian; Revised English edition 1989, Snow Lion Publications.l980 Assistant editor, Compassion in Tibetan Buddhism  by Khensur Ngawang Lekden and Tsong-ka-ba, tr. and ed. Jeffrey Hopkins. London:  Rider & Co; Reprinted by Snow Lion Publications, 1988.1975 Assistant editor, The Precious Garland and the Song of the Four Mindfulnesses by Nagarjuna and the Seventh Dalai Lama, tr. and ed. Jeffrey Hopkins and Lati Rinbochay. London: Allen & Unwin, New York: Harper & Row.  Foreign language editions in French, Spanish, and Italian. 1975 Assistant editor, The Buddhism of Tibet and the Key to the Middle Way  by Tenzin Gyatso, the Fourteenth Dalai Lama, tr. in the main by Jeffrey Hopkins and Lati Rinbochay.  London: Allen & Unwin; New York: Harper & Row. ARTICLES

2011. “The Contemplative Classroom: Beyond the Disembodied Subject” Anne Carolyn Klein and Ann Gleig in Meditation in the Classroom ed. Judith Zimmer-Brown. Albany: SUNY Press.


2011 “Dzogchen” entry, Indian and Tibetan Buddhist Philosophy section  of the Oxford Handbook  of World Philosophy, ed. Jay Garfield and William Edgeglass. In Press. Oxford: Oxford  University Press.


2008. ”Spiritual and Religious Concepts of  Nature”, co-author,  in Altering Nature, Vol I: Concepts of Nature and the Natural in Biotechnology Debates. ed. B. Andrew Lustig, Baruch A. Brody, Gerald P. McKenny. Springer Science2006 “Psychology, the Sacred, and Energetic Sensing” Chapter Ten in Buddhism and Psychotherapy Across Cultures  edited by Mark Unno, Wisdom Publications, pp.169-194.

2006 "Practice as a Path to Crosscultural Religious Understanding” in  Socially Engaged Buddhist Women. Ed. Karma Lekshe Tsomo. Delhi: Indian Books Centre, 2005, pp. 325-31   

2005. "He, She, God, and Me” first published 1989 (see below) anthologized in Huff, Margaret C.  and Ann K. Wetherilt, eds., Religion: A Search for Meaning, McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc

2004. “Womb of the Sky Woman: Symbols and Significance of the Dakini in Tibet” Chakra- tidskrift för indiska religioner [Chakra :Journal for Indian religions]   eds. Kristina.Myrvold and Katarina Plank, Lunds University, Sweden: Center of Theology and Religious Studies,.Vol. I, i. March.2003 “Orality in Tibet” in Oral Tradition Vol. 18, Number 1, March.

2003. “Finding a Self: Buddhist and Feminist Perspectives” [first published 1987, see below] anthologized in Philosophy of Religion: An Anthology ed. Charles Taliaferro and Paul Griffiths. Blackwell Philosophy Anthologies, Blackwell Publishing  (pp.329-344.)

2002. "Unbounded Functionality: A Modest rDzogs-chen Rejection of the Classic `don byed nus pa Criterion" in  Religion and Culture in Tibet: Tibetan Studies II Proceedings of the International Association of Tibetan Studies in Leiden,  ed. Henk Blezer pp. 345-364

2002. "On Love and Work: A Vow of Wholeness, in Writing" in Hypatia A Journal of Women and Philosophy:  Special Issue on Love an Work  Vol. 17, No.2 .Spring. Also: http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/hypatia/v017/17.2klein.html

2001. “Bon Dzogchen on Authenticity: Prose. Poetry and the Path” in Changing Minds: Contributions to the Study of Buddhism and Tibet in Honor of Jeffrey Hopkins  (Ithaca: Snow Lion Press p. 133-153. 2000 "Assorted Topics of the Great Completeness" with Tulku Thondup, translation and introduction for Tantra in Practice  ed. David White,  Princeton University Press.pp. 557-572.

2000, Authenticity, Effortlessness. Delusion and Spontaneity in The Authenticity of Open Awareness  and Related Texts" in New Horizons in Bon Studies, ed. Y. Nagano and S. Karmay, Ethnographic Museum, Osaka, Japan  193-223.

1999. "Buddhism and Life's Meaning" in The Meaning of Life in World Religions,    ed. John Hicks. Macmillan (England).

1999. "Gurus and Disciples in Tibet: Worlds Visible and Invisible" in Rending the Veil: Concealment and Secrecy in the History of Religions , New York University Annual Conference in Comparative Religion, ed. by Elliot R. Wolfson. New York, London: Seven Bridges Press, pp. 289-305.

1999  "East, West, Women and Self" in Buddhist Women Across Cultures  ed. Karma Lekshe Tsomo .Albany: SUNY Press, pp.205-220

1999 Entries on "Self" and "Perfection of Wisdom" ," Encyclopedia of Women and Religion,  MacMillan Press.

1997 . "Hail Protection" with Khetsun Sangpo Rinpoche for Religions of Tibet  in Practice volume, ed. Donald Lopez, Princeton University Press.

1997 "Grounding and Opening: Cross Cultural Views of the Body" in Being Bodies ed. by Lenore Friedman and Susan Moon. Boston and London: Shambala Press).

1996. "Preliminary Reflections on The Authenticity of Innate Awareness (gTan tshigs gal mdo rig pa'i tshad ma) , with Geshe Tenzin Wangyal Rinpoche, in  Etudes Asiatiques XLIX-4-1995

1995  "Story and Symbolism of Yeshey Tsogyal, the Great Bliss Queen" translation and preface for Buddhism in Practice  volume,  ed. Donald Lopez, Princeton University Press. pp. 139-169

1994 "Presence with a Difference: Buddhists and Feminists on Subjectivity,"  in Hypatia Special Volume on Women and Philosophy, October, pp. 133-144.1994  "Oral Genres and the Art of Reading in Tibet," Oral Traditions 9,ii, 281-314       1994 8 entries ("Gelukpa," "Nyingmpa," "Dalai Lama," "Geshe," "Lama," "Lhasa," "Panchen Lama," "Prajna") Forthcoming in Harper's Dictionary of Religion,  ed. M. David Eckel.

1992 "Mental Concentration and Unconditioned Experience: A Buddhist Case for Unmediated Cognition," in  Paths to Liberation , ed. Robert Buswell and Robert Gimello. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. P. 269-308.

1990 "Compassion and Emptiness," in The Religious Philosophy of Nishitani Keiji: Encounter with Emptiness," ed. Taitetsu Unno.  Berkeley: Asian Humanities Press. 1990 Editor (with Rita Brock and Paula Cooey) "The Questions That Won't Go Away," Roundtable Discussion, Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion, Winter 1990-91.  1990 "Contemporary Tibet," in White Lotus,  ed. Elkins and Sugden. Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications.l989 "He, She, God, and Me," Roundtable Discussion, Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion, Spring, pp. 112-115. (Anthologized in 2005, see above)1987 "The Birthless Birthgiver," in The Tibet Journal.  Vol. XII No. 4, Winter, pp. 19-37.l987 "Finding a Self: Buddhist and Feminist Perspectives," in Shaping New Vision ed. Atkinson, Buchanan, and Miles.  Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press,  Harvard Series on Women and Religion, 191-138.  (anthologized in 2003, see above) l986 "Gain or Drain?  Buddhist and Feminist Views on Compassion," in Spring Wind: Buddhist Cultural Forum: Special Issue on Women and Buddhism. Toronto: Zen Buddhist Temple, pp. 102-116.  l986 "Buddhism on Death, Rebirth, and Enlightenment," in Encounters with Eternity: What Different Faiths Believe About Death and Life After Death, ed. Johnson and McGee. New York: Philosophical Library, pp. 85-108. 1985 "Primordial Purity and Everyday Life: Exalted Female Symbols and the Women of Tibet," in Immaculate and Powerful: The Female in Sacred Image and Social Reality, ed. Atkinson, Buchanan, and Miles.  Boston: Beacon Press, Harvard Series on Women and Religion,  pp. 111-138. 1985 "Non-Dualism and the Great Bliss Queen,"  in Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion,  Vol. I, No., 1, pp. 73-98.1985 "Direct Perception in Geluk Interpretations of Sautrantika," in Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies, Vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 49-81.


2009. Introduction to “Start With Your Body” in Buddhadharma: The Practitioner’s Quarterly. Fall.

2006. “Dream of a Former Life” in You Are Not Here and Other Works of Buddhist Fiction, ed. Keith Kachtcik, Wisdom. 2003. “Foundational Practices: Engaging Body, Speech and Mind” Buddhadharma, Winter. 2001 and 2003 "The Mantra and the Typist" (short story) in Tricycle, the Buddhist ReviewNovember, Winter Issue. (Listed  by Harpur Collins as among the most significant spiritual writings of 2001) and published in Nixon Under the Bodhi Tree: Buddhist Fiction ed. by Kate Wheeler Wisdom Publications)ARTICLE FORTHCOMING

“Love, Dirt, and Attention”  Buddhadharma: The Practitioner’s Quarterly, Spring/Summer 2012

“Attention and the Knowing Body” in A Companion to Buddhist  Philosophy ed. Steven Emmanuel, Wiley-Blackwel Press. Solicited ms in progress.


1997 Georges Dreyfus, Recognizing Reality: Dharmakirti's Philosophy and Its Tibetan Interpretations.  Religious Studies Review1997 Lekshe Tsomo, ed. Daughters of the Buddha.  Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications in Journal of the Society for Buddhist-Christian Dialogue. Vol. II.1991  C.W. Huntington, The Emptiness of Emptiness: An Introduction to Early Indian nMadhyamika,  Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, in History of Religions, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, October.1985  Women of Wisdom  by Tsultrim Allione, Brown, Routledge, Kegan, & Paul, in Parabola, Spring, Vol. X No. 1.1984  Sky Dancer: The Secret Life and Songs of the Lady Yeshey Tsogyal  by Keith Dowman, London:Routledge & Kegan Paul, in Parabola Vol. IX, No. 3.CONFERENCES AND LECTURES

2010 “What’s at Stake in Contemplative Science” opening, closing and presiding at panel, AAR National Meeting, Atlanta October 30

2010  “Contemplative Studies: Problems and Prospect” Panelist, AAR National Meeting, Atlanta, October 29

2010  “Tibetan Buddhism in the Modern Academy” Panelist, International Conference on Tibetan Buddhism, Emory University, Atlanta,  Oct 19, 2010.

2010. “”The Past and Future of Women in Buddhism”, First International Conference on Mongolian Buddhism, Ganden Monastic University, Ulaan Baator, Mongolia, Sept, 26-27. 2010. “Ways of Knowing: Contemplation, Culture, and Community in Tibet”, Age of the Pacific Lecture Series, Master of International Management Program, Portland State University, Portland OR. 2010.”Open Heart, Open Mind” Lecture at Maitripa College, Portland Oregon. Feb 5. 2009. Respondent “On Translation: Secrecy, Orality, and Communication” AAR, Montreal. Nov 8. 2009. Panelist in conversation with HH Dalai Lama,  Mind and Life XIX Educating World Citizens for the 21st Century. October 8-9 DAR Constitution Hall, Washington, D.C. http://www.educatingworldcitizens.org/  2009. Participant to Translating the Words of the Buddha, conference on translation by invitation only, organized by the Khyenze Foundation, Bir India March16-21 http://www.siddharthasintent.org/2009/03/volume-11-translating-the-words-of-the-buddha.html 2009. Plenary Speaker, Mind and Life Summer Research Institute, “Three Vectors of Development in Buddhist Contemplative Practice: Separate of Simultaneous Motivation, Understanding, and Calming,” Garrison, New York, June 7-13.  2009. Ashby Dialogue Featured Speaker, “Wholeness and the Mind; Buddhist Epistemology and Contemplative Arts” University of North Carolina at Greensboro, April 282008. Invited Faculty, presenter on Buddhist contemplative typologies, panelist for discussions of contemplative neuroscience with Buddhist epistemologies, Mind and Life Summer Institute, Garrison, New York, June 6-12. 2008. Mary Interlandi Workshop Brown University, Center for Contemplative Studies "Mind, Sound, and the Nine Paths of Practice" – A Tibetan Buddhist Meditation.  April 27. 2008 Fourth Annual Mary Interlandi Lecture, "Contemplative Tibet: Land, Lamas, and Cultural Survival" April 28 Brown University2007. Contemplative Studies: Vision in the Academy convener-chair and panelist, joint meeting of Buddhist Critical Constructive Reflection Group and Section on the Academic Study of Religion s AAR, San Diego, November 21 2007. “Land and the Living Elements in Tibet” Rubin Museum of Art, Oct 15. 2007. Plenary Panelist, “The Problem of Self and Other: Self-Conscious Emotions, Gender, Self and No Self in Buddhism and Psychoanalysis”, Enlightening Relationships: Buddhism and Psychoanalysis Conference at the New School for Social Research, New York, Oct. 132007. “Women and Wisdom: Social, Symbolic and Contemplative Dimensions” Maitripa Institute, Portland Oregon, Sept. 14 2007. Tibetan Trainings in Compassion, Buddhist Lodge of the Laity, Hong Kong. May 26.  2007. Buddhism and the Modern World, Buddhist Studies Cenre, Hong Kong University, Hong Kong, May 252007. Panelist/Session Convener, “Whither Buddhist Studies” Numata Conference at the University of Toronto, April 6-7.

2006.  “Reality as Womb: Three Realms of the Feminine Divine” paper at Conference on the Feminine Divine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Nov 27-29.

2006. Panelist in Mind and Reality Conference, Columbia University. Feb 25.

2006. “The Heart Sutra and the Heart of Meditative Practice” at Buddhist Lodge of the Laity, Hong Kong Jewelry Building, Hong Kong, February 14. 2005. Panelist, “Symposium on Suffering, Desire, and Choice: His Holiness the Dalai Lama in conversation with neuroscientists and Buddhists Studies scholars, Stanford Medical School, November 5th, Palo Alto, Ca. 2005 “Knowing Body, Glowing Mind: Buddhism and Multidimensional Seeing” at  Conference on Exploring the Mind: Buddhist and Scientific Approaches to Mental Health and Healing, University of Toronto, May 27-292005.  “Tibetan Practices of Mind and Body” at Mindfulness, Psychology, and Neurobiology” Conference at Mount Madonna Center, Santa Cruz California, June 3-62005. Ford Foundation, Progressive Religion and Values Working Group, invited participant. First Meeting, Jan 19, New York City. 2004. “Psychology and Transcendence” Between Cultures: Buddhism and Psychotherapy in the 21st Century” sponsored by Ryukoku and Boston Universities, held at Boston University September 10-11. 2004. “Perceiving  Reality: Perspectives from Sutra and Tantra: at Buddhist Studies Centre, Hong Kong University, Hong Kong. July 3. 2004. Keynote Speaker, “Practice as Path to Cross-Cultural Religious Understanding” Sakyadhita, International Conference of Buddhist Women, Seoul, Korea, June 26-July1. 2003. “Buddhism and Forgiveness: Does Wisdom Conquer All?” at Forgiveness: The Search for Acceptance in Psychotherapy and Faith, Baylor College of Medicine and the Institute of Religion in the Texas Medical Center, Nov. 13.

2003. Plenary Speaker, “The Land Remembers:  Living Landscape and Soulful Spirits of the Tibetan Plateau” in Orality and Literacy II: Memory international conference at Rice University, Oct. 11


2003. "Physical and Metaphysical Spaces of Tibet: Body, Mind, and Ground" at the American Society for the Study of Religion (ASSR) Ashville, N.C. April 26. 2002. "Mindfulness, Culture, and the Mind-Body Conversation" presented at AAR in Women's Studies and History of Religion Section, Toronto National Meeting, November 23, 20022002 BioTech/Altering Nature Working Conference, October 9-11, Houston TX. 2002. BioTech/Religions  Planning Conference. April 28-29, Houston IAH. 2002. Sexuality Consultation, Ford Foundation. February 9-11. 2002. "Not What Dharmakirti Taught: Toward a Logic of the Nonconceptual" Columbia University. February 12. 2000. "Dzogchen Principles from the Early Tradition". The Clark Lectures, Pomona College, CA. February 5-7. 2000 "Logic and Literary Form: Logic and Contradiction in India and Early Tibetan Dzogchen"  at 9th Seminar for the International Association of Tibetan Studies, Leiden. the Netherlands, June 28.

2000 "Bon Achievements in Tibet" Buddhist Studies Colloquium, Stanford University, April 27.

2000 "Tibetan Images of Enlightenment: Practice and Theory on the Plateau" Athenaeum Lecture, Claremont Mckenna College, Mar 20,2000 Panelist, "Critical Religious World Views" GTU, Berkeley CA.  Mar. 14-15 and October 19-20.

1999 "Authenticity, Effortlessness, Delusion and Spontaneity in The Authenticity of Open Awareness  and Related Texts", presented at New Bon Horizons Conference, Ethnographic Museum, Osaka, Japan., August, 1999, p. 193-223.  1999 "Women's Bodies and the Body Politic" panel presentation at Core Connections:

Women, Religion, and Public Policy, Kennedy School of Public Policy and Harvard Divinity School, October, 1. 1998 "Rise of Bon Epistemology" Dept. of Religious Studies/Center for Asian Studies, Stanford University, May 7. 1998 Keynote Address "Ritual Art and the Art of Ritual" for Buddhist Christian Dialogue: Promises and Pitfalls Conference, University of San Francisco. May 81998 Plenary Speaker, "Women, Buddhism, and the 20th Century" Unity and Diversity Conference Claremont Colleges, Claremont, CA June 7. 1998. "Text and Context: The Authenticity of Innate Awareness"  8th seminar of the International Association for Tibetan Studies, Bloomington, Indiana (July 27)1997 "Presencia con una Diferencia: la subjectividad segun budistas y feministas' in Mora, Revista del Area Interdiscipoineria de Estudios de la Mujer.  Facultad de Filosofia y Letras de Buenos Aires No. 3 Augusto. (Translation of my "Presence with a Difference," Hypatia, 1994) pp.  139-147.

1996. "Gurus and Disciples in Tibet: Worlds Visible and Invisible"  Seminar, University of Washington, Seattle WA, April 16. 1996. "The Female as Sacred: Women in Tibetan Buddhist Theory and Practice" public lecture and follow-up faculty seminar, Smith College, Northampton, MA March 8.1996. "Persons and Possibilities" in  Buddhist Women on the Edge: Contemporary Perspectives from the Western Frontier ed. Marianne Dresser. Berkeley: North Atlantic Books, pp. 39-44. 1995.  Numata Lectures on Engaged Buddhism. "Is There a Disengaged Buddhism: Modern  Influences on the Concept of Engagement"  Institute of Buddhist Studies, Berkeley CA October 30. 1995.  "Women, Buddhism, and the West" GTU, co-sponsored by Institute for Buddhist Studies and the GTU Center for Women's Studies, Berkeley, October 31. 1995. "Oral History and Path to the Middle"  Institute for Buddhist Studies, Berkeley, November 1.1995. "Bon and the Logic of the Non-conceptual"  Stanford University, Department of Religious Studies and Center for East Asian Studies, Stanford CA November 3. 1995. Numata Distinguished Professor Lecture, "The Art of Living in an Impermanent World" University of Hawaii, Honolulu and Maui, June 22 & 26.1995. Numata Distinguished Professor Lecture, "Death and Dying in the Tibetan Tradition," University of Hawaii, Honolulu,  June 24, and Kona Hongwanji Mission, Big